The Eden project is a fascinating place. It used to be a massive clay pit that was turned into a massive green house. Here you can find tropical flowers, trees and fruits and even a waterfall! After 2 years of hard work it was opened on the 17th of March 2001. The co-founder of the Eden Project, Tim Smit, says that they want Eden to be the best classroom in the world, where people can learn effortlessly. He explains that it is not only for school children, but for businessmen, apprentices, students and everybody. They are hopping to have Eden in every single continent of the world except Antarctica. The Eden Project in China is already under the construction. “The massage of Eden is that the future remains ours to make” – Tim says. One of the ideas of the project is to convert something completely hopeless and convert it into positive. This will inspire people around to create something hopeful.
It all began with a sketch drawn on a napkin. They came up with a bubble design, because it can settle on any surface, including quarry. Another problem they faced was water in the clay pit. So, they inserted wicks into the ground and pumped the water out. As most of the surface was covered with clay, the ground was not stable. Therefore, they mined china clay to make the ground more steady. You might notice that the bubbles are made of hexagons. These hexagons contain three layers of ETFE FL tetrafluoroethylene. This is very light and recyclable material; it transmits daylight and ultraviolet, which is vital for plant growth.
What to see in the Eden Project
The entire garden consists of two biomes: Rainforest and Mediterranean. Besides there are gardens and fields. Also, there is a stage, where they hold music festivals and concerts. There are things to see in both biomes. On the Eden Project website you can find the list of things to see. Since this is website about gardens, I would like to talk about different types of gardens in the Eden Project. There are five gardens in the Mediterranean biome: South African, Western Australian, Perfume, Mediterranean and Californian. The aim of every garden is to create the natural habitat of the plants usually found in these areas.
South African Garden
Most of the Western and Eastern Capes of South Africa are covered with fynbos. Fynbos are mainly composed of 5 families: the Protea, Restio, Pea and Legume, Erica and Daisy. There are naturally occurring fires in fynbos, but the plants adapted. For example, the Proteas keep their seeds for years until fire opens the flowers and only then the seeds germinate.
This garden is populated by vines and olives, which naturally occur in the Mediterranean.
Here are lots of cacti and wildflowers. This garden imitates flora of the Sierra Nevada, which is a mountain range in California.
Its name comes from a pleasant scent that flowers produce. On the website they say that the best smelling plants in the gardens are pinks, rosemary, Spanish sage, caraway, Spanish broom and sweet Osmanthus. Personally, I prefer adding rosemary to my dishes. Spanish sage, for example, has very calming scent. I like to add few drops Spanish sage essential oil to the diffuser. It has great tranquilizing effect and helps to relax.
Western Australian Garden
Needless to say, Australia is just a completely different world to any other place on the planet. In this garden you can find plants from south-west Australia. It took several months to build the garden and gather all the plants. This part of the Eden Project is divided into three sections: Kwongan, Jarrah forest and a central section with bizarre plants such as wax flowers. Some of the most beautiful plants in this garden are red boronia, everlastings, grass tree and red kangaroo paw.
The Eden Project is a beautiful place to visit alone or with your family and friends. Personally, I like their idea and I agree that we should take great care of our environment.